and Vernon County Highway Department
Red Mound (De Soto), Vernon County, Wisconsin
43° 28.242′ N, 91° 10.206′ W
HISTORIC TRAIL MARKERS
This is the site where General Atkinson's regular army troops encountered the 20 warriors which Black Hawk had sent as a decoy hoping to give the rest of his people time to cross the river. Meanwhile the militia encountered the rear guard of the Indian band in Battle Hollow.
Grateful appreciation is given to Dr. C.V. Porter whose hard work and dedication preserved this segment of history for all.
Vernon County Historical Society
Wisconsin Humanities Committee
Wisconsin State Dept. of Transportation
Vernon County Highway Department
The State of Wisconsin recognizes Dr. Porter's markers as part of Vernon County history but does not condone the language or prejudicial inferences used on some of the markers. Dr. Porter used descriptive, interpretative language which he researched and felt was acceptable for his time.
Black Hawk State Historic Site, Rock Island, IllinoisDEDICATIONTo Brigadier General H. Atkinson:SIR—The changes of fortune and vicissitudes of war made you my conqueror. When my last resources were exhausted, my warriors worn down with long and toilsome marches, we yielded, and I became your prisoner.The story of my life is told in the following pages: it is intimately connected, and in some measure, identified, with a part of the history of your own: I have, therefore, dedicated it to you.The changes of many summers have brought old age upon me, and I can not expect to survive many moons. Before I set out on my journey to the land of my fathers, I have determined to give my motives and reasons for my former hostilities to the whites, and to vindicate my character from misrepresentation. The kindness I received from you whilst a prisoner of war assures me that you will vouch for the facts contained in my narrative, so far as they came under your observation.I am now an obscure member of a nation that formerly honored and respected my opinions. The pathway to glory is rough, and many gloomy hours obscure it. May the Great Spirit shed light on yours, and that you may never experience the humility that the power of the American government has reduced me to, is the wish of him, who, in his native forests, was once as proud and bold as yourself.BLACK HAWK.10th Moon, 1833.