43° 27.31′ N, 91° 13.59′ W
Head of BATTLE ISLE.
On the eve of Aug. 1, 1832,
BLACK HAWK and his men
with a flag of truce, went to
the head of this island to sur-
render to the captain of steamer
"Warrior." Whites on boat asked
Are you Winnebagoes or Sacs."
Sacs replied Black Hawk. A
load of canister was at once
fired, killing 28 Indians
suing for peace.
Major Zebulon M. Pike en-
camped this island on Sept.
Here lived Norm Spaulding
who in Oct. 1904, rode an unbroken
colt to Victory at 2 a.m. and
saved a limited train from going
thru a burned culvert.
Black Hawk State Historic Site, Rock Island, IllinoisDEDICATIONTo Brigadier General H. Atkinson:SIR—The changes of fortune and vicissitudes of war made you my conqueror. When my last resources were exhausted, my warriors worn down with long and toilsome marches, we yielded, and I became your prisoner.The story of my life is told in the following pages: it is intimately connected, and in some measure, identified, with a part of the history of your own: I have, therefore, dedicated it to you.The changes of many summers have brought old age upon me, and I can not expect to survive many moons. Before I set out on my journey to the land of my fathers, I have determined to give my motives and reasons for my former hostilities to the whites, and to vindicate my character from misrepresentation. The kindness I received from you whilst a prisoner of war assures me that you will vouch for the facts contained in my narrative, so far as they came under your observation.I am now an obscure member of a nation that formerly honored and respected my opinions. The pathway to glory is rough, and many gloomy hours obscure it. May the Great Spirit shed light on yours, and that you may never experience the humility that the power of the American government has reduced me to, is the wish of him, who, in his native forests, was once as proud and bold as yourself.BLACK HAWK.10th Moon, 1833.
Use the "black hawk war" label, below, to locate all markers in this series included on the Wisconsin Historical Markers website.
See also, Historic Trail Markers: Head of Battle Isle, also at this location.
Follow the signs to the marker location: